Tesla tells California regulators that its upcoming Cybertruck will “likely” be classified as a class-2B or class-3 heavy duty truck! It would put the Cybertruck a weight class above the Ford F-150. This news also gives us hints about the truck’s curb weight, safety, and fuel efficiency.
This report comes to us via the following AutoNews article.
Before we dig into what this means for the Cybertruck, here is a quick reminder about U.S. truck weight classifications. Some trucks fall neatly into their classifications, while others cross over to higher classes.
|Class 1||0 – 6,000 lbs||Toyota Tacoma|
|Class 2a||6,001 – 8,500 lbs||Ford F-150|
|Class 2b||8,501 – 10,000 lbs||Ram HD 2500|
|Class 3||10,001 – 14,000 lbs||Chevy HD 3500|
|Class 4||14,001 – 16,000 lbs||Ford F-450 Chassis|
|Class 5||16,001 – 19,500 lbs||Chevy HD 5500|
|Class 6||19,501 – 26,000 lbs||Ford F-650|
|Class 7||26,001 – 33,000 lbs||Ford F-750|
|Class 8||33,001+ lbs||Semi truck|
Some trucks that cross over this classification are:
- 2019 Ford Ranger is a Class 2a, not a Class 1.
- 2020 Chevy Silverado 2500 is a Class 3, not a Class 2b.
What can we learn from the Cybertruck’s Class 2b or Class 3 classification? Tesla officially listed the Cybertruck payload at 3,500 lbs. We are fairly certain that the Cybertruck curb weight will be over 5,000 lbs. 5,000 lbs plus 3,500 lbs is already pushing it into HD 2500 territory.
A current 2019 Tesla Model X long range weighs precisely 5,400 lbs with no people or cargo in it, as we verified at a truck-stop scale. It’s likely that a Cybertruck will weigh more than a Model X. The Cybertruck may be using a bigger and heavier battery than the Model X’s approximately 100 kWh. If we assume the Cybertruck Tri-motor AWD curb weight at around 6,500 lbs, then it can easily be a Class 3 heavy duty.
If the Cybertruck has a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of 8,501 lbs or more, then it is not required to be rated by the EPA for efficiency.
For comparison, here are the MPGe (MPG-equivalent) efficiency ratings for a 2020 Tesla Model X.
If the Cybertruck has a GVWR of 10,001 lbs or more, then it is not required to be equipped with air bags. Although, it still must been body structure crush strength and seat belt regulations. The upcoming Bollinger B1 and B2 are going this route with Class 3 (10,001 lbs weight rating).